Challenges are resource and context-dependent. From information gathering to publishing fact-checks, the challenges faced by the Nordic fact-checkers are multifaceted and happen upstream and downstream of their fact-checking process. They depend on the resources (human and time), the human part of the work that cannot be automated, and the new threats posed by machine-generated content (detection, verification). Openness to audiences is also challenged by adverse reactions. The main outcomes of our research on the users’ needs of the Nordic fact-checkers, with Carl-Gustav Lindén, were presented at the NordMedia23 Conference.